Horsefly, mite, pronghorn: the fastest animals in the world
Everyone knows that the fastest animal on earth is the Cheetah. But with a slight adjustment-only on land. Only birds of prey would participate in the" animal-friendly " rating, and the Cheetah would not even make it to the top ten. So we will look at ultra-fast animals not only by the direct indicator of "kilometers per hour", but also taking into account their size and habitat.
This elegant creature is the fastest land animal in North America, reaching speeds under 90 km/h. At a short distance, the pronghorn would not be able to outrun the Cheetah, but it would easily break away from it on any long track. Endurance allows pronghorns to migrate hundreds of kilometers each year.
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The fastest of the bats, accelerating to almost 100 km / h in a dive. Skladchatogo lives in large colonies in caves, under bridges, and in old buildings. In the evenings, they simultaneously fly out to hunt, forming a stunning "cinematic" picture.
A curious example of a draw — different sources call the sailboat, then the swordfish the fastest fish in the world, developing a speed of 100 to 130 km/h. One of the studies that gave the victory to the swordfish found using MRI that the upper jaw of the fish contains the amygdala, which releases oil. Spreading around the fish's head, the oil reduces friction with the water and increases speed.
The upper-speed limit of this bird is 80 km / h, which doesn't seem like a very impressive result until you estimate its size. Biologist Christopher Clark from the University of California at Berkeley calculated that at this speed, a Hummingbird covers 385 sizes of its body per second, experiencing the strongest overload in 10G.
Far from being the fastest animal on Earth, second only to birds, fish, and even insects, it is still the fastest land animal and the fastest mammal. Reaches speeds of more than 100 km / h, accelerating from 0 to 100 in three seconds.
According to the BBC, the maximum speed developed by the black Marlin is 130 km / h. It was measured by how quickly the line was reeled off the rod when catching fish, which is a somewhat controversial method. Was the boat moving at that moment, or was the fish swimming in a straight line? Anyway, it is not surprising that at this speed, the black Marlin is very popular among sports fishing enthusiasts.
If you've ever been chased by one of these biting creatures, you know how fast they are. Jerry Butler, an entomologist at the University of Florida, States that an adult male horsefly Hybomitra develops speeds in excess of 144 km/h. However, it is difficult to accurately measure the speed of an insect due to the size, non-linearity of flight, and other factors.
This bird has a speed of almost 170 km / h, which makes it the fastest flying animal. It lives in Asia and Australia, occasionally flying to Europe.
If you take the fastest animal in the world in relation to the length of its own body, no one will keep up with a tick of the species Paratarsotomus macropalpis. In a second, it covers a distance of 320 of its own size — the same as people would accelerate to 2090 km/h.
Although the peregrine Falcon flies slower than the needle-tailed swift, it accelerates to 390 km/h when diving for prey. The impact of the claws after acceleration is so strong that it can tear off the victim's head.