Where does bloating come from and how to get rid of it

Where does bloating come from and how to get rid of it

Most likely, you are not in any danger. But it is still worth checking the symptoms.

When you need to see a doctor as soon as possible

Plan an urgent visit to a gastroenterologist or therapist if a bursting feeling in your stomach haunts you regularly, almost every day. And especially if there are additional symptoms:

  • blood in the stool;
  • prolonged constipation or diarrhea;
  • any changes in the frequency of bowel movements;
  • weight loss despite the fact that you have not changed anything in your diet or exercise;
  • constant or periodic nausea and vomiting.

Immediately call an ambulance or contact the nearest emergency Department if the bloating is accompanied by

  • incessant abdominal pain;
  • burning pain in my chest.

All of this can be symptoms of deadly conditions up to intestinal tumors or heart attacks.

However, really dangerous causes of bloating are very rare. If there are no threatening signs, you are probably fine.

And to prevent the bursting sensation from appearing in the future, it is enough to understand its causes and slightly changes your eating habits and lifestyle.

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Where does bloating come from and what to do about it

Here are the most common causes and ways to fix them.

1. You overeat

The stomach is a fairly small organ. According to various sources, when stretched, it can hold from 1 to 4 liters of food — food and drinks. If you overeat, the stomach walls stretch beyond measure. And you feel heavy, your stomach is full.

What to do

Try to reduce the portion sizes. If you do not eat enough, eat more often — up to 5-6 times a day. But don't push more into your stomach than it can hold.

2. You swallow air while eating or drinking

This often affects those who like to chat during lunch. When you talk and eat at the same time, a portion of air enters your esophagus with each bite. The same thing happens when you chew gum, suck a Lollipop, drink through a tube.

What to do

Observe the rule "when I eat, I am deaf and dumb". Give up foods and habits that make you gasp for air.

3. You chew your food poorly or eat too fast

This causes you to swallow large chunks. They expand the esophagus, and therefore air enters the stomach.

What to do

Make sure that the food is well chewed. By the way, many people eat too fast, in large chunks, when they are under stress. Try to learn how to manage your emotions.

4. You lean on fatty foods

Fat takes longer to digest than protein or carbohydrates. Therefore, the stomach does not empty for a long time.

What to do

Try limiting fat in your diet.

5. You have a food allergy or intolerance of some foods

These two conditions are sometimes similar but have different mechanisms of development. An Allergy is a powerful reaction of the immune system to an allergen. Food intolerance also has genetic causes: the body simply does not perceive a particular product and reacts to its appearance with the development of chronic inflammation.

However, in the context of bloating, the body's response to "inappropriate" foods is the same: they can cause excessive gas formation in the intestines.

Here are some products and their components that can be dangerous:

  • Lactose. This is the name of the main carbohydrate in dairy products.
  • Fructose. These are sugars, which are especially rich in sweet fruits (bananas, grapes) and honey.
  • Eggs. Excessive gas formation and bloating are the main symptoms of egg Allergy.
  • Gluten. This protein is contained in the seeds of cereals, especially a lot of it in wheat, rye, and barley. Its excessive use can lead to various digestive symptoms, including bloating.

What to do

Try to track what you ate before you had a bursting feeling in the area of the stomach and intestines. Perhaps we are really talking about food intolerance.

If you suspect that you are intolerant to certain foods, give them up completely for at least 21 days and see if your symptoms improve.

6. Do you eat foods that cause excessive gas formation

These products include:

  • carbonated beverages, including beer;
  • products that contain artificial sweeteners — aspartame, sucralose, sorbitol, xylitol;
  • some vegetables and fruits with high fiber content — legumes (beans, peas, lentils), cabbage (white, Brussels, cauliflower), carrots, apples, apricots, prunes;
  • dietary supplements containing fiber.

What to do

Try to temporarily give up food that stimulates gas formation, and observe how you feel. If you manage to find a product that provokes bloating, it is not necessary to refuse it-just limit its use.

You can try to Supplement the diet with products that, on the contrary, reduce the formation of gas.

To eliminate bloating, you can use fermented milk products: natural yogurt, kefir, ryazhenka. They contain useful bacteria that help digest food. When bloating, you should eat porridge. Oatmeal helps to normalize digestion, and buckwheat porridge improves intestinal peristalsis. The most popular home remedy for flatulence is dill. You can add it to salads to prevent bloating or brew a decoction of dill seed.

7. You have constipation

Normally, there are gases in the digestive system. When there are too many of them, they leave through the anus. But with constipation, the passage of gases is difficult. They accumulate in the intestines and cause bloating.

What to do

Deal with the causes of constipation. When you normalize the stool, the problem with bloating will go away by itself.

8. You smoke

Smoking affects the activity of the digestive tract and may well cause gas formation.

What to do

Stop Smoking. Or at least reach for a cigarette less often.

9. Do you have problems with the digestive system

Often, gas formation increases with intestinal diseases — for example, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.

What to do

If bloating torments you often, consult a gastroenterologist, even if there are no other alarming symptoms. This is necessary to exclude possible diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.