The US will explore the moon with its allies
The draft Treaty, named after the American lunar program — the "Artemis Agreement" - is already ready, and in the coming weeks, Washington intends to discuss it with European countries, Canada, Japan, as well as the United Arab Emirates. Russia is not on this list, at least not yet.
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According to the Agency, one of the points of the document provides for the creation of" security zones " around future lunar bases, in order to protect them from invasion by countries and companies operating nearby that rival the United States and its allies. In addition, the agreements will determine the rights of companies to the resources they extract.
The item on "security zones" is the most controversial since the creation of such zones can be interpreted as a violation of the 1967 outer space Treaty, which stipulates that no state can claim ownership of a space body or part of it.
The Americans, however, reject such interpretations in advance and say that there is no violation here. A source quoted by Reuters claims that these "security zones" are a purely technical way to mark the area of activity and prevent misunderstandings: "The idea is that if you want to get close to someone's area of business and they have declared a security zone around it, then you should contact them in advance, consult and decide how to do it safely for everyone."
Earlier, NASA announced plans to build a base near the moon's South pole as part of the Artemis program.