16 qualities that help shape critical thinking
Develop these sides of yourself to reach your full potential and look at the world in a new way.
This is one of the very first skills learned in childhood. It includes the ability to notice details and collect data using the senses. As a result, our observations lead to the formation of our own opinions and a deeper understanding of reality.
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Interest in the world and the people around them is a trait of many leaders with developed critical thinking. As we age, we stop following our innate curiosity, but it helps us to be open to everything new and encourages us to deepen our knowledge. To develop it, don't take everything for granted, but constantly ask yourself why things are arranged this way.
It is impossible to be completely objective, because we are strongly influenced by our worldview and past experience. Nevertheless, always try to look at the situation as dispassionately as possible and analyze it. Focus on the facts and scientific assessment of the available information. Try not to let the emotions of others and your feelings affect your reasoning.
This is thinking about the structure of your thought processes. Introspection gives you an idea of your possible misconceptions, as well as how attentive you are. It helps you explore your innermost thoughts, feelings, and sensations.
5. Analytical thinking
The ability to analyze information is important in any matter: when signing a contract, writing a report or business plan, even in building relationships with people. To do this, you need to break down the information into its component parts and evaluate how they function together and separately. The analysis should be based on observation, collection, and evaluation of evidence. Only then can you make an objective conclusion.
6. Ability to detect misconceptions
Look for evidence of your beliefs and check whether the sources of your knowledge are trustworthy. This will help identify misconceptions that often go unnoticed and distort our perception.
When evaluating some information, think about who it can benefit. Is there a hidden benefit to the source? Are facts contradicting this information suppressed?
7. Ability to determine the significance of information
One of the main difficulties is to understand which information is particularly relevant and relevant in a particular situation. All incoming data seems valuable at first, but this is not always confirmed. Consider whether the source of information is relevant, unbiased, or distracting from a more important point of view.
8. Ability to make assumptions based on facts
We don't always get the information with an explanation of what it means. You need to evaluate it and draw your own conclusions based on raw data. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account possible scenarios.
But don't confuse the ability to make assumptions based on facts with simple guesses. For example, if you read that someone weighs 118 kilograms, you may think that this person is overweight and in poor health. Although to draw a conclusion, you need to know its growth and Constitution.
Compassion may seem superfluous for critical thinking because sentimentality and emotionality distort our perception. But without empathy, we view everything only in terms of dry data and facts. This view quickly spreads to all areas, and we begin to doubt everything.
To think critically effectively, you need to take into account the human factor. Don't forget that in the situations you face, not only data is important, but people are also important.
10. Lack of arrogance
Admit your mistakes and don't overstate your worth. Knowing your own shortcomings and strengths is an important element of critical thinking. So don't reject other people's opinions without thinking. Try to notice when you are wrong, and be prepared to change your views if necessary.
11. Willingness to challenge the status quo
Don't agree to use traditional methods just because you've followed them before. Look for reasonable answers and ways that take into account all the available information. This willingness to violate the status quo may seem provocative, but it is at the heart of innovative approaches.
12. Openness to everything new
Don't jump to conclusions. Approach each situation with an open mind and accept other people's views and opinions. Don't take sides until you know all the points of view. This will help you assess the situation holistically.
13. Awareness of typical thinking errors
Don't let delusions and illusions confuse you. Study common cognitive errors that often creep into arguments and arguments. Here are some examples:
- An explanation in which the premise or conclusion of an argument is used to justify the argument itself.
- The easy way error is when you persist in holding your preferred view, even if there are more likely explanations.
- Confusion about causality and the relationship between phenomena. If two events occur simultaneously, it seems that one caused the other.
14. Creative approach
Creativity is usually associated with generating ideas, and critical thinking is associated with analyzing and evaluating them. But a creative approach will help you to take a non-standard approach to solve any problems.
Don't cling to patterns. Create new interests to look at the case from different points of view. Experiment and put yourself in someone else's place.
15. Ability to communicate effectively
Problems in communication often arise from an inability to assess the situation or look at the matter from a different angle. That's what critical thinking is for. It helps you correctly build your own judgments and Express them, as well as follow the flow of thoughts of the interlocutor.
16. The ability to listen
It is important not only to convey your opinion to others but also to be able to listen to someone else's. Actively participate in the conversation, not passively listen to the person. Ask questions to clearly separate the facts from your assumptions. Try to get more information and understand the other person, delving into the topic of the conversation and clarifying what is unclear.