How Gagarin actually died: professional versions
The circumstances of the death of the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin, who died in a plane crash in 1968, have long been surrounded by rumors.
On March 27, 1968, a plane piloted by Yuri Gagarin and instructor Vladimir Seregin crashed near the village of Novoselovo in the Vladimir region. But the death of the people's favorite was not known until two days later, and all data about the tragedy was immediately classified. It was this mystery that gave rise to rumors that the accident was not an accident at all.
"There were no complaints"
Later, Alexey Leonov — the first person to go into space in a spacesuit-recalled Gagarin's last days: "Yura died on Tuesday, and a few days before that, on Saturday, we decided to get a haircut. We usually did this in the Barber shop of the Yunost hotel, near the Luzhniki stadium, at the same master named Igor. And when I got my hair cut, I sat down behind the work chair and watched the process.
Yura had a large mole on her neck, about half a centimeter in diameter. And when Igor began to shave with a dangerous razor closer to the neck, I said to him: "Look, do not shave off the most beautiful thing by accident! "He was not offended, he understood that I was joking, and muttered in response:" Yes, I know, I know…"
Often, when a person dies, we remember something symbolic, unusual in their behavior. Yura had nothing of the sort, no misgivings there. But as time passed, the Barber's behavior didn't seem the same as usual. Usually, after a haircut, he would sweep the hair off the floor and throw it away. And on that Saturday, he carefully collected Yurina's curls and put them in the locker.
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Before the flight, Gagarin, as usual, passed a medical examination. There were no complaints. Leonov was not far from the crash site on the day of the accident. He said that he had heard two loud explosions.
Official conclusions of the Commission: the crew changed direction in flight, made a sharp maneuver and went into a tailspin. The pilots tried to bring the plane into horizontal flight, but still collided with the ground. The crew was killed. There were no technical failures or any traces in the blood of the pilots.
"This conclusion looks plausible for ordinary people," explained 79 — year-old Leonov, " but not professional." The Commission's report was classified, and its details are known only from articles and interviews of individual members. The causes and circumstances of the accident remain unclear.
To date, there are a huge number of versions of the crash of Gagarin's plane. Here are just a few of them. There are even those according to which Gagarin and Seregin drank vodka before the flight.
Version of the doctor of technical Sciences S. M. Belotserkovsky, A. A. Leonov and a number of scientists. The most popular version of a plane crash involves a whole set of factors, ranging from bad weather conditions to the aircraft's design flaws. They could try to evade another plane or a flock of birds, get caught in the Wake of a passing plane, or accidentally get caught in an updraft.
Version of the flight engineer of the Soyuz-22 spacecraft Vladimir Aksenov. He suggested that Gagarin and Seregin made a mistake in difficult weather conditions. "The cloud cover on this day was unusual: the lower edge of almost continuous clouds was at an altitude of about 600 meters above the ground. Then, up to a height of 4 thousand meters, the cloud cover was dense, with small rarefactions. There are no clouds above the upper edge: clear sky and very good visibility. We were even shown photos of the upper edge taken from a weather reconnaissance plane, " Aksenov said.
Version of the pilot-ACE Nikolai Kuznetsov. The head of the cosmonaut training Center notes that Seregin was not well that day: he complained of a heart condition. Kuznetsov suggested that Seregin became ill during the turn, and Gagarin did not immediately notice the condition of the instructor. According to Kuznetsov, Seregin had a heart attack, unbuckled his seat belts, and his body was thrown into another corner of the cabin, blocking control. Gagarin did not abandon his friend and eject.
Version of the former employee of the research Institute of operation and repair of aircraft Igor Kuznetsov. According to Kuznetsov's analysis, one of the air vents was left half-open on the plane. The cabin was not airtight, and the pilots noticed it late. They tried to lower the plane, but lost consciousness due to the pressure drop. This version is disputed by many.
There are also Wilder conspiracy theories. Some claim that Gagarin faked his death, others that he was killed by order of the authorities after a conflict with them.
Gagarin's last letter
Before his flight into space in 1961, Gagarin wrote a farewell letter to his family — in case he did not return. After the crash, the cosmonaut's wife Valentina Gagarina was given it. We give here only an excerpt from the letter.
"I fully believe in technology," Gagarin wrote. — She must not fail." But it happens that a person falls on an even place and breaks his neck. Something might happen here, too. But I don't believe it yet. Well, if something happens, I ask you, and first of all you, Valyusha, not to be heartbroken. After all, life is life, and no one guarantees that he will not be crushed by a car tomorrow. Please take care of our girls, love them as I love them. please Grow out of them, not Belarusians, not my mother's daughters, but real people who would not be afraid of the bumps in life."