SIMPLE RULE. HOW DO I PROTECT MYSELF FROM VIRUSES? Including COVID-19
By learning from the pandemics of the past, humanity has realized the importance of preventing viral infections. It is thanks to timely protection that you can protect yourself from the severe consequences of illnesses. We have compiled recommendations on what rules to follow in order to maintain your health.
Currently, there are three types of prevention of viral diseases. These are vaccination, chemoprophylaxis (the use of antiviral agents)and prevention based on the observance of personal and public hygiene.
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First of all, it is important to distinguish the flu virus from acute viral infections (ARVI). The latter is often called colds, but their causative agent can be up to 200 different subtypes of viruses (adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, and so on.). Unfortunately, only an effective flu vaccine has been invented yet.
Getting the flu shot is safe enough since the vaccine is usually well- tolerated. There are small side effects similar to the mild stage of the flu, but they pass quickly. The vaccine may be contraindicated for people with allergic reactions.
Today, there are several types of medications that can be taken for the prevention and treatment of viral infections. However, only two have shown their safety and effectiveness so far – oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), recommended by the world health organization (who). They quickly eliminate the virus envelope protein-neuraminidase, which is present in all virus strains and is designated by the letter N (for example, H1N1).
However, these drugs can not be abused, and use the entire cold season. They should be taken no more than 2-3 weeks.
Compliance with the rules of personal and public hygiene is most important and effective. The virus is transmitted by airborne droplets from person to person, when small droplets with the infection settle on the surfaces of objects, and then enter the body with dust.
An infected person can actively spread the virus around for 4 days, which does not die in the external environment for about 8 hours.
It is known that the infection does not tolerate high temperatures (75-100 degrees), as well as bactericides and antiseptics.
Simple rule. How do I protect myself from viruses?
In order not to get sick yourself and not infect others, it is important, first, to use a medical mask, it reduces the risk of infection with viral infections by 60-80%. These bandages need to be changed every 2-3 hours.
Second, ventilate the room. In winter, it is better to do it 3-4 times a day for 15-20 minutes.
Third, you need to wash your hands often and well. With soap or antibacterial agents, and do not touch your mouth, face, or eyes with them.
Finally, it is important to lead a healthy lifestyle: exercise, eat well and regularly, and get enough sleep. This will help the body not get sick or easily transfer any infection.